发布日期:2020-10-19 22:10

At present, the world is facing major challenges. At the same time, we also need to deal with climate change, natural disasters and conflicts that may damage key infrastructure (such as energy). We seek the best solution strategy for energy use in exploration, and participate in thinking about ways to achieve sustainable development. 



At the beginning of the lecture, Professor Li introduced the 2021 Solar Decathlon China  and the design concept of BBBC which is modular transition housing as a prototype to meet the needs of disaster relief teams and support long-term post disaster recovery and reconstruction.Adhering to the concept of BBBC, we take a part of post disaster reconstruction research as a lecture to discuss with students in the school, hoping to stimulate more innovation on sustainable development.
本次讲座邀请英国拉夫堡大学皇家工程促进发展研究员Dr Long Seng To(杜朗生博士),采用线上连线的方式,探讨解决能源获取和应对能源弹性挑战等问题,再就人道主义工程领域的可能性进行讨论交流。

Dr long Seng To, a research fellow of Royal engineering for development at Loughborough University, was invited to discuss the issue of energy access and energy flexibility challenges by means of online connection, and then discuss the possibility of the field of humanitarian engineering.


Dr To is an Engineering for Development Research Fellow funded by the Royal Academy of Engineering at Loughborough University, and is an Honorary Lecturer in the Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy at University College London. She also engages regularly with policymakers, most recently helping to create a standard for solar resource classification as part of the UN Economic Commission for Europe’s Expert Group on Resource Management, Renewables Working Group.

与会者还有赛队协助指导老师Sharon Chow(周嘉旺),来自牛津大学与香港中文大学灾害与人道救援研究所。

Sharon Chow is the adjunct Tutor from Collaborative Centre for Oxford University and CUHK for Disaster and Medical Humanitarian Responses.

Energy and the SDGs

SDGSustainable Development Goals)即联合国可持续发展目标,SDG作为指导全球可持续发展的蓝图,在千年发展指标的基础上,综合经济发展、社会公平、环境可持续性三个因素,罗列了共17项指标作为具体目标(共计113项目标细则),其中近65%为是有关于应对能源系统的策略如应对气候变化、减少污染造成的死亡指数等。[1]

SDG(Sustainable Development Goals) 
is the United Nations sustainable development goal. As a blueprint to guiding global sustainable development, SDG that based on the millennium development indicators, lists a total of 17 indicators as specific goals (113 target details in total) based on the millennium development indicators, and nearly 65% of them are about strategies to deal with the energy system, such as climate change, social equity and reducing deaths from pollution , etc.[1]
[1]Fuso Nerini, F., Tomei, J., To, L.S., et al. (2018), ‘Mapping synergies and trade-offs between Energy and the Sustainable Development Goals’, Nature Energy, 3, 10-15.

Community Energy Resilience


“Resilience: the ability of individuals, communities, organizations or countries exposed to disasters, crises and underlying vulnerabilities to anticipate, prepare for, reduce the impact of, cope with and recover from the effects of shocks and stresses without compromising their long-term prospects.” 
- by IFRC
(International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies )


Origin and use:community energy resilience is an indicator of energy resilience based on phenomenon observation: Measures of energy use in families and communities, energy use strategies in disaster situations and use in daily life. Based on resilience indicators, generate response strategies for humanitarian assistance and energy services for international development, and coordinate different types of energy systems. Finally, we can form a complete and scientific circulation mechanism, realizinig the linkage mechanism of "prevention,preparation,feedback and recovery", and enhance the overall vitality of community energy resilience.

QSAND system

-A shelter and settlement focussed sustainability self-assessment toofor;
-Quantifying sustainability in the aftermath of natural disasters.
·目标 /Aim
在自然灾害发生后,促进和促进在住房和定居活动中采取可持续的 救济、恢复和重建办法,以便在支持和保护自然环境的同时,经济、社会和健康利益,同时支持和保护自然环境。

To promote and facilitate sustainable approaches to relief, recovery and reconstruction in the shelter and settlement operations after a natural disaster so helping to ensure economic, social, and health benefits to the community in the short and longer term whilst supporting and protecting the natural environment.

·主要对象 /Key objectives

To guide and inform the decision-making process affecting a disaster-affected community, promoting more sustainable approaches to shelter and settlement activities.


To provide a coordinated framework for identifying and, where relevant, comparing the sustainability of options/solutions in the relief, recovery and reconstruction of disaster-affected communities.
(Classification of QSAND system)

Modern Energy Cooking Services

-£40 million UK Aid programme which is trying an alternative approach to biomass cooking that anticipates the future. It is seeking to integrate the questions of clean cooking into energy access planning.
-Utilising electricity supplies.Many of those are in urban centres, for example – in Kampala 95% are connected to electricity but 70% of households still cook with charcoal.
-Electric pressure cookers are the fastest growing kitchen appliance in the US and Europe that combines an electric hotplate, a pressure cooker, an insulated box and a fully automated control system.They cost between $35 and $120 but varying quality.


To cope with the current challenges, the following strategies should be adopted:
-Identify energy needs & resilience strategies;
-Develop measures for community energy resilience;
-Create solutions: pilot projects;
-Develop design tools;



Finally, Q&A session was held, in which Dr. To further and Sharon discussed the energy consumption and sustainability of modern energy cooking.Participants agreed with the implementation of the modern energy cooking service plan and put forward their ideas on the transformation of production and life style in underdeveloped areas and the renewal of cooking equipment .



Through the interpretation of relevant concepts and the explanation of the actual development cases, Dr. To showed us the strategies and achievements of community energy resilience in today's world. Combined with the application of modern energy cooking service plan,we discuss our known tasks and more development possibilities, which makes us gradually realize that we need to establish our own world outlook and reality framework through a certain depth of global thinking and we need to have professional quality and have a fraternal mind to actively participate in the construction of humanitarian engineering.